Tang ShuyuTang Shuyu founded the state of Tang, the predecessor to Jin , a state in ancient China founded during the Western Zhou and extending into the Spring and Autumn Period...., a descendant of the
Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty was preceded by the Shang Dynasty and followed by the Qin Dynasty in China. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in China history?though the actual political and military control of China by the dynasty only lasted during the Western Zhou.... royal family. At the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, Jin was split into three states:
Han (state)Han was a monarchy during the Warring States Period in China. Not to be confused with South Korea which shares the same name.Its territory directly blocked the passage of the state of Qin into the North China Plain, thus becoming a frequent target of Qin's military operations....,
Zhao (state)Zhao was a China state during the Warring States Period. Zhao was a significant state in the period, along with six others. At the beginning of the Warring States Period, the state of Zhao was one of the weakest states but gained strength during the reign of King Wuling of Zhao.... and Wei.
Wei (state)The Wei was a state during the Warring States Period in China. Its territory lay between the states of Qin and Qi and included modern areas in Henan, Hebei and Shanxi and Shandong..... The split of Jin is sometimes referred to as the beginning of the subsequent Warring States Period
Warring States PeriodThe Warring States Period , also known as the Era of Warring States, covers the period from 476 BCE to the unification of China by the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE....; all three new states later became prominent states in the new period.Probably the most famous of all the Jin kings was Duke Wen of Jin
Duke Wen of JinDuke Wen of Jin led the state of Jin in the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history from 636 BC to 628 BC. His name was Ji Chong'er and he was the son of Duke Xian of Jin ...., the second of the Five Hegemons
Five HegemonsDuring the Spring and Autumn Period there were several states which rose to hegemony over other states; the term Five Hegemons refers to any of several lists of these hegemons.... in the Spring and Autumn Period. Originally named Chong'er, he was second in line, and no-one expected him to become Duke. Fearing assassination, he fled the country during his father Duke Xian of Jin
Duke Xian of JinDuke Xian of Jin was known as cold-blooded king in that period. When he first came to the power, he used some suggestions from his officials and removed his political enemies and killed many people....'s reign to the Qin
QinQin can refer to:..., only returning when Duke Huai, who was a nephew of Duke Wen, was killed.As Duke he led the Jin to glory - he fought many wars with his greatest rival, the Chu
ChuChu or CHU may refer to:Surname:* Chu , a common Chinese surname* Spanish writing Chu is the surname ? from Guangzhou, Guangdong .Places:... (the most famous battle was the Battle of Chengpu
Battle of ChengpuThe Battle of Chengpu was a conflict between the states of Jin against Chu and its allies in China in 632 BC during the Spring and Autumn Period.... in 632 BC), and advocated the strategy coined by the first Great Leader of the Warring States, Duke Huan of Qi - "Uphold the King, repel the barbarians", with the king being the Zhou court in Luoyang
LuoyangLuoyang is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province of China, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast..... The Duke was also famous for his chivalry - after a massive war with his erstwhile ally and friend, the King of Qin, he ordered relations between the two kingdoms to return to normal, and constructed monuments honouring both the sacrifice of the Jin and Qin troops. The Chinese proverb "The Friendship of Qin and Jin", meaning an unbreakable bond, originates from this period.Jin, however suffered from multiple succession struggles. Jin founded a new city north of the capital at Quwo in 746 BC. In 679 BC, the Quwo lineage usurped the rulership of Jin. Duke Xian of Jin
Duke Xian of JinDuke Xian of Jin was known as cold-blooded king in that period. When he first came to the power, he used some suggestions from his officials and removed his political enemies and killed many people....'s rule was notorious for the bloody purging of family members.Jin had multiple capitals. The initial capital of Jin was Tang; the remains of Tang are at modern Qucun. The capital was later moved to E, then Jiang, then Xintian. The remains of Xintian are at modern Houma
HoumaHouma can refer to:*Houma, Louisiana, city in the United States*Houma, Shanxi, city in China*Houma Tribe, a Native American group*Houma, meaning cape, the name of some capes in Tonga and villages near them such as:....In 403 BC, the Wei, Zhao and Han lords all went to the Zhou king in Luoyang and were made dukes in their own right, separated from Jin. However most historians, when referring to those 3 states as a whole, call them the "3 of Jin". The state of Jin still continued to survive, albeit with minimal hold of power.The Jin was officially abolished when the last duke of Jin, Duke Jing, left his position and had his territories annexed by the Three Jins in 349 BC.